Alzheimer’s Disease: What You Need to Know

Background

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common dementia. The disease incidence correlates strongly with age and usually hit people older than 65 years of the disease. There are also cases of Alzheimer’s disease at a younger age, and you can get on very rare occasions, the disease is already at 50 years old.

The cause of Alzheimer’s disease is not entirely known, but a change in the sales of a protein called beta-amyloid is considered a critical component in the development of the disease. The symptoms will be usually insidious, and progress is slow. It may take several years before symptoms get noticeable to seek help.

Symptom

In Alzheimer’s disease affect multiple cognitive (intellectual) functions, such as memory, thinking, orientation and language. If the disease onset in older age is memory disorders, the most common and perhaps many times the only symptom. In the younger one has a greater mix of symptoms and it is common to mainly language ability is impaired in this population. It is hard to find words for what things named. The more the disease progresses, the more and more severe cognitive problems experienced man. In the advanced stage of Alzheimer’s disease has been significantly reduced memory and the memory material has been left far back in time. The first memory disorder that occurs is called episodic, short-term memory disorder, which means that it has difficulty remembering things close in time concerning yourself. For example, to remember what you had for breakfast, what to buy at the store and agreements on time. Often repeat them because you forgot what you said earlier.

Risk Factors

There are some risk factors for developing Alzheimer’s disease, and old age is the strongest of these. Of the risk factors that can influence, high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol in midlife, this increases the risk that 25-30 years later fall ill with Alzheimer’s disease. Another risk factor is heredity, where the fact that you have a close relative who is sick, the risk of a self of contracting something. There is also the risk genes, which means there is a risk gene that increases the risk of contracting the disease if at the same time designated for other risk factors. Other proposed risk factors include low education, diabetes, and repeated blows to the head.

Pharmacological treatment with drugs

There is symptom-relieving medication for Alzheimer’s disease. They called acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and is sold under the name Reminyl, Exelon, and Aricept. There is also another type of drug called Ebixa. These drugs relieve the symptoms for a time but do not affect the course of disease in the long term. Many patients benefit greatly from those in one to two years, and they are associated with relatively mild side effects, which usually consists of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. You can also use the patch to administer the drug and then you have the lower frequency side.

New treatments

Recently, also increased awareness when it comes to other types of treatments and remedies, for example, it seems that Omega 3 fatty acids may have a protective effect. We also know that vitamin B deficiency is associated with Alzheimer’s disease, but in many extensive studies have attempted to treat the disease with vitamin B without effect. Why is this way is unclear? They have tried to develop the new medicine, particularly some resources spent on finding immunological treatment in the form of antibodies against beta-amyloid. So far, no breakthrough was reached, possibly due to the type of therapy must be initiated very early in the disease process.

Diagnostics

Our ability to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease has also increased lately, and taking a sample of spinal fluid and which measure proteins in this enhanced ability to identify the disease even very early. A neuroradiological investigation in the form of computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is also of great value. We know that certain brain lesions typical of the disease. A shrinking of the middle temporal lobes is an example of this.

Taking Care Of Alzheimer’s Patients And Importance Of Memory Care Center

Various Alzheimer’s associations in the United States have developed a set of guidelines for family members who are taking care of a person who has Alzheimer’s or other dementia.

Caring for a person with these characteristics is not easy and can be overwhelming. Research has shown that people who engage in this kind of care often have a higher risk for depression and other illnesses. Especially if they do not get enough support from family, friends, and community. One of the biggest problems facing these dedicated people is the difficult behavior of patients. Daily activities such as eating, bathing or dressing, often become difficult tasks to accomplish, both to the affected person and the person taking care of Alzheimer patient. Even caregivers in memory care center in Salem may burn out if not properly trained.

Consult a mental health specialist for any concerns you have about Alzheimer’s disease or senile dementia. Contact organizations dedicated to the study of these disorders for more information and look for a group in your community where you can share your feelings and concerns.

Analyze your work day to identify whether you can develop a routine easier. If there are times when the patient is less confused or more cooperative, plan your routine to get the most out of those moments. Remember that the way the person functions may change from one day to another, so adapt your routine as needed.

Alternative care

Consider the alternative of using memory care centers, adult day care or patient care services. These supports allow you to rest, knowing that the person suffering from this disease is being well cared. Memory care center in Salem has professional care givers who will take care of your loved ones.

Start making plans for the future. They may include tidying financial and legal documents, investigate options or long-term care.

On the other hand, communicating with a person suffering from Alzheimer’s disease can become a challenge. Understanding and being understood can be very difficult. Other suggestions made by the experts are:

  • Choose simple words, short sentences and use a gentle tone of voice and quiet
  • Avoid addressing the sick person like a baby or talking about it as if it were not there
  • Reduce distractions and noise – like television or radio – help the person focus on what you are saying.
  • Call the person by name, make sure before speaking, she is paying attention.

Arm yourself with patience. Allow it to take enough time to respond and be careful not to interrupt them. If the person with Alzheimer’s disease is struggling to find a word or communicate a thought, gently try to provide the word they are looking for.

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